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1- PhD student in Geography and Urban Planning, Noor Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Noor Branch, Islamic Azad University, Noor, Iran , sadr_m1970@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Noor Branch, Islamic Azad University, Noor, Iran
Abstract:   (1435 Views)
Natural disasters, which are part of the process of human life and their number and diversity are increasing every day, are a major challenge to achieve sustainable development of human societies. Hence, the prevailing view of focusing solely on reducing vulnerability to increasing resilience to disasters has shifted. The purpose of this study is to explain the components of urban resilience against natural hazards with emphasis on floods in Behshahr. The research method in this research is descriptive-analytical and in addition to documents and library studies, a questionnaire was used to collect information. The statistical population of the present study includes two groups of citizens living in the neighborhoods around the four rivers of Behshahr. After collecting field information that was completed using a questionnaire tool, from SPSS, MINITAB and PLS software and using multi-criteria decision making (SAW) methods to investigate the situation and explain the components of urban resilience in Against natural hazards such as floods and GIS software was used to zoning areas based on flood resilience. The results show that among the dimensions of resilience, the economic dimension has the highest weight and is in the first place and the physical, infrastructure and environmental dimension has the lowest weight and is in the last place. Neighborhoods around the rivers of Behshahr city are ranked based on flood resistance status, which shows that Shahed neighborhood is in the first place and Borzoo neighborhood is in the last place.
 
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Geography and Urban Planning
Received: 2022/02/20 | Accepted: 2022/06/5

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