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1- University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2- University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , bromand416@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3672 Views)
In this research, the effect of two indicators OMI and RMM of Maden Julian fluctuation on the frequency of dust storms in Abadan, Ahvaz, Bostan, Bandar Mahshahr, Dezful, Ramhormoz and Masjed Soleyman located in Khuzestan province during six months (April to September) of the statistical period (1987 - 2021) was reviewed. Pearson's correlation coefficients between dust data and indicators were investigated and its results were calculated in the form of income zoning maps and the frequency percentage of each indicator for positive and negative phases. The results of the research findings indicate that there is a direct and significant relationship between the positive and negative phases of both indicators with dust, except for Dezful station in the positive phase of OMI and the negative phase of RMM and the highest correlation coefficient for Bandar Mahshahr and Dezful station is between -0.7-20.77 is in the positive phase of the RMM index. The relationship between the Madden Julian Oscillation and dust showed that between 51 and 59 percent of dust storms occurred in the negative phase of the OMI index and 40 to 49 percent in its positive phase. In the RMM index, 56 to 63 percent of dust storms occur in its negative phase and 37 to 50 percent in its positive phase. In fact, the negative phase of the RMM index has a higher percentage of dust storms than the negative phase of the OMI index. According to the results of the Monte Carlo test, the displacement of the positive and negative phases of the RMM index significantly leads to the occurrence of dust storms for most of the stations in Khuzestan province. Tracking the paths of dust entering Khuzestan province with the HYSPLIT model shows the movement of particles from Iraq, Arabia and the eastern parts of Syria towards the studied area. 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: climatology
Received: 2023/01/25 | Accepted: 2023/05/7

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