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1- Shahid Beheshti University
2- Shahid Beheshti University , m-tahbaz@sbu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1364 Views)
Buildings are one of the main pillars of social and economic development of countries that consume a large part of energy and natural resources. The share of this part of energy consumption is 30-50% on average. Also, in our country, based on the energy balance sheet of recent years, about 33% of the energy produced is related to the domestic, commercial and public sector, i.e. the construction sector. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of the location of the building on its energy consumption. The district of the research is the common 4 and 5-story residential buildings in District 5 of Tehran, on Ferdous Sharq Blvd. The descriptive-analytical research method is based on organizational and field data collection, by selecting 6 similar residential blocks and in different lighting positions, different data were collected. These 6 blocks are completely the same in terms of land area, infrastructure area, number of floors, heating and cooling systems and other characteristics, and the only difference between them is their location in a passage. Then, using simulation in Design Builder software, their energy consumption was calculated and compared. The results of the research indicate that the average energy consumption with an accuracy of 98%, the northern blocks, 7 261, the southern blocks, 11 247, the total blocks, 5 254, kilowatt hours per square meter per year, which is about 3 times the ideal building. . Northern blocks consume about 5% more energy than southern blocks. A block that receives light from 3 sides, north, south and west, consumes about 11%, more than the average, and a block that receives light from 2 sides, north and south, consumes about 5%, less than the average. North blocks, energy label D, south blocks, except for the end block that gets light from three sides, north, south and west, get energy label C, and as a result, south blocks generally perform better in terms of energy consumption.
     
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Geography and Urban Planning
Received: 2022/07/13 | Accepted: 2022/09/28

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