Volume 25, Issue 76 (4-2025)                   jgs 2025, 25(76): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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1- , emirzaei@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1852 Views)
The structure of deep moist convection can be influenced by wind shear, available potential energy of convection, relative humidity and vertical distribution of each of these variables, along with other effective factors, among which wind shear plays a more important role in creating convection. Due to the large and synoptic scale processes, along with the adjustment of the available potential energy for convection and the convection inhibitor, create suitable conditions for the creation of convection. The role of the large-scale average causes the reduction of the convection inhibitor, but the vertical velocity of even a few centimeters per second can have an obvious effect on the environment sounding. Also, the presence of potential instability is usually considered an important factor in the initiation of deep moist convection. It can be seen that when the temperature reaches the critical point and the convection inhibitor is removed, moist deep convection begins. In the case that the air parcel that rises above the lower stable layer may have a low relative convective inhibition energy and a high relative free convective potential energy, which causes the support of deep moist convection. The warm air mass continues the initiation of updrafts, and the subsequent development of convection depends on parameters such as vertical wind shear and the inversion cap of the environment, among other parameters. Large-scale convective systems can be released with less forcing due to the massive rise of the air mass on the surface of the front to the level of convection.
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: climatology
Received: 2022/05/28 | Accepted: 2022/09/14

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