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1- Faculty of Architecture and Urban Management, Islamic Azad University, Damavand Branch, Damavand, Iran
2- Department of Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , shahabian@iauctb.ac.ir
3- M.Sc. Student in Architecture, Architectural Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Roodehen, Iran
4- Department of Architecture, Shahr-e-Quds Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1745 Views)
The quality of the urban environment is one of the important indicators of the development of any city. In this regard, the type of pattern that can be used in cities can have a great impact that biophilic urban planning is one of the most important patterns due to its relationship and centrality with nature. The purpose of this study is to explain the environmental quality criteria of Tehran according to the components of biophilic urban planning. The research method is descriptive-analytical and based on data collection through survey method. The research tool was a questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by the elite community and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient greater than 0.70. The statistical population of the study also consists of urban experts and specialists, including academics and experts in Tehran. Due to the lack of statistics in this area, coronary and cost constraints, 120 experts were selected as the sample size. The results showed that the structural-functional, content and physical-spatial indicators of the quality of Tehran's urban environment based on biophilic urban planning were significant at a level of less than 0.05. The study of the mean and significant direction indicates the weakness of these indicators and lack of attention to biophilic urban planning in the planning of this city. Also, the results of structural equation modeling confirmed that the structural-functional, content and physical-spatial indices of biophilic urban planning can be effective in improving the quality of Tehran's urban environment. . Therefore, biophilic urban planning has not been emphasized in the planning model of Tehran, but the results indicate their effectiveness in improving the quality of the city's environment if used.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Geography and Urban Planning
Received: 2022/05/26 | Accepted: 2022/10/23

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