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1- PhD student, Geography faculty- Tehran university
2- assistant professor, Geography faculty- Tehran university , sbazgeer@ut.ac.ir
3- full professor, Geography faculty- Tehran university
4- assistant professor, Geography faculty- Tehran university
Abstract:   (333 Views)
Awareness and understanding of the climate trends by farmers and the attitude towards the necessity of this awareness is one of the essential capacities in agricultural societies. Farmerschr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))) attitudes to climate information are affected by their behavior with the climate hazards and uncertainties and influence their decision on adopting appropriate strategies to minimize the damages caused by climate changes on agriculture and improve their readiness. Hence, the aim of the present study was to establish a comprehensive framework and model for the qualitative evaluation of studies discussing the factors that affect farmerschr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))) attitudes to climate information utilization with a systematic review approach. For this purpose, the following keywords, including climate, climate change, climate changes, meteorological information, global warming, drought, flood, chilling, frost, climate hazard, precipitation, temperature with the aid of the following keywords namely, farmer, farmerchr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))))s attitude, farmerchr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))))s perception, farmerchr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))))s knowledge, and indigenous knowledge were used in both languages, Persian and English, among the articles published between the year of 2000 and 2019. After three stages of screening 788 related articles and according to approved criteria, 25 scientific and research articles were selected and explored. After qualitatively evaluating these articles, a model with five bio-environmental, individual, social, economic & technological factors as well as 19 dimensions has been proposed to evaluate the factors affecting farmerschr(chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))39chr(chr(chr('39')39chr('39'))39chr(chr('39')39chr('39')))) attitude towards using climate information. Finally, to apply the results of this study, a unified conceptual model is presented that can be the strength of the existing frameworks in making the national agricultural policy.
Type of Study: Applicable |
Received: 2020/05/10 | Accepted: 2020/10/5

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